Capnography Chart

Capnography II - What happened to the elephants? A summary of abnormal traces

In this second article of the capnography we review some of the more common capnography traces you may observe during anesthesia and try to understand them. Scroll to the end of the article to download a printable capnography cheat sheet.

Capnography Part 1 – Not Just a Load of Hot Air

Understanding the associated physiology as well as the constituents of both inspired and expired fractions of the respiratory cycle is key to understanding the capnogram.
Cat on operating table

The Five Phases of Anesthesia

In this article take a look at patient evaluation, pre-medication, induction, maintenance and recovery of Anesthesia
Geriatric Black Labrador

Use of Alfaxan in Geriatric Patients

Dogs and cats are living longer than ever before, in part due to improved availability and options for veterinary care. Find out how to best manage older patients when using Alfaxan.